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Common Cardiac Symptoms

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD):

Coronary Heart Disease, also known as coronary artery disease, occurs when the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle (coronary arteries) become narrowed or blocked due to the buildup of cholesterol and other substances, known as plaque. The reduced blood flow to the heart muscle can lead to chest pain (angina) and, in severe cases, heart attacks.

 

Symptoms of CHD can include:

Angina:

Chest pain or discomfort that may feel like pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain. It can also occur in the arms, neck, jaw, shoulder, or back.

Shortness of Breath:

Difficulty breathing or feeling breathless, especially during physical activity or stress.

Fatigue:

Unexplained tiredness or weakness, often attributed to the heart's reduced ability to pump blood effectively.

Heart Attack Symptoms:

Severe chest pain or discomfort, sweating, nausea, and shortness of breath. This requires immediate medical attention.

Myocarditis:

Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle, often caused by viral infections, although it can also result from bacterial or fungal infections, certain medications, or autoimmune disorders. Symptoms of myocarditis can vary and may include:

Chest Pain:

Similar to angina but may be more intense and persistent.

Fatigue:

Unexplained tiredness or weakness.

Shortness of Breath:

Difficulty breathing, especially during physical activity.

Rapid or Irregular Heartbeat:

Palpitations or arrhythmias.

Swelling:

Oedema, particularly in the legs, ankles, and feet.

Fever:

Elevated body temperature, often a sign of infection.

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